Management of Patients with HIV and AIDS ESSAY

Management of Patients with HIV and AIDS

The management of patient with HIV/AIDS incorporates the use of various antiretroviral drugs to control HIV infection. There are different classes of antiretroviral agents perform on distinctive HIV life-cycle phases. The utilization of multiple medications that act on distinctive viral targets is referred as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART)(Kalichman et al., 2011). High active Antiretroviral Therapy maintains the ability of the immune system reduces the patient’s aggregate burden of HIV and averts opportunistic infections (Mycobacterium avium complex infection, cytomegalovirus infection, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, cryptococcal infection and toxoplasmosis) that often lead to death. The objectives of antiretroviral therapy are to allow reconstitution of the vulnerable immune system, prolong life, provide enhanced quality of life, and prevent opportunistic infections by minimizing HIV-related symptoms. Powerful therapy intends to reduce the HIV RNA viral load. The dramatic decrease in viral load enhances prognosis, prolong the period of the antiretroviral response and minimizes the development of resistance (Kalichman et al., 2011).

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Patients with HIV/AIDS disease require information and support   to become successful managers of their own well-being. Chronic diseases require behavioral intervention but not just medical intervention. Patients with HIV/AIDS disease play an extensive role in managing their health. Every patient is at a distinctive place in the process where appropriate interventions are brought about, to a large degree, by each patient’s anticipated results. Management of patients with HIV/AIDS would be improved by:

  • Primary care interventions.
  • Involvement of qualified health workers in the activity and ensure there is information of the diagnosis to the peripheral health care centers.
  • Provision of civic education to the public about the non-contagious state of the disease.
  • Families should provide the material support to the patient.
  • Provide a positive self-management program.

The Infectious Diseases Society of America provided updated rules in the management of HIV infection in November 2013.

Because of improvements in management, HIV-infected patients are surviving longer with fewer complications and, as a result, these patients are experiencing major health problems perceived in the general population whereby these problems need be addressed. Acc,…………………….

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